(Bloomberg) — The Bank of Japan sparked a sharp slide in the yen against the dollar after it held its ground amid a global wave of interest-rate hikes by leaving its monetary stimulus unchanged and indicating that faster price growth in the coming year won’t last.
The central bank kept its yield curve control settings and the scale of its asset purchases unchanged, according to a statement Thursday. The decision had been widely expected among economists despite ongoing speculation the BOJ might take action in light of the recent slide in the yen to a two-decade low.
The BOJ said it would carry out fixed-rate bond buying every business day as it firmed up its resolve to defend its target on 10-year yields as part of its stimulus measures.
The yen weakened sharply against the dollar after the decision, which was expected by 89% of economists surveyed by Bloomberg. The yen was at 129.83 per dollar after the decision from 128.67 immediately beforehand.
In updated price projections, the BOJ raised its inflation forecast to closer to its 2% goal in the year that started this month on the impact of energy prices but projected it to weaken the following year. Its forecast for the year to March 2025 also showed inflation averaging well below its price goal.
With the decision, Governor Haruhiko Kuroda and his board pushed back against the market chatter that it will have to tweak policy to help stop the Japanese currency from weakening more and to ease the pressure on its rock-bottom yield target. Looking ahead, the BOJ also stuck with its view that rates would stay low or go even lower.
That’s in stark contrast to the Federal Reserve and other central banks that are racing to push up borrowing costs to keep a lid on accelerating prices. The growing divergence in interest rates is helping drive the Japanese currency down against the dollar to a level that is causing pain for some households and businesses.
For now the central bank and Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s administration appear committed to a division of labor that sees the BOJ stimulating a fragile economy while the government tries to offer relief for the effects of soaring energy and food prices amplified by the weaker yen.
Read More: Japan’s Kishida Urges BOJ to Keep Working for 2% Inflation
The currency extended its longest losing streak in at least a half century earlier this month.
The BOJ’s quarterly outlook report showed that it now sees inflation accelerating to 1.9% this year from its 1.1% forecast just three months ago. That means the bank is predicting the highest price growth in three decades outside the tax hike years of 1997, 2014 and 2019.
Still, its updated forecast for the following year shows inflation weakening to 1.1%. That fits in with Kuroda’s view that inflation without solid wage gains won’t be sufficient to achieve the postive cycle of growth and prices he seeks.
The yen’s rapid movements have placed Kuroda in an awkward position. Finance Minister Shunichi Suzuki has characterized it as a “bad weak yen” in a view that is at odds with Kuroda’s long held assessment that a weak yen is positive for the economy overall. Kuroda stepped up his own warnings over the currency’s abrupt moves a few days after Suzuki’s remarks.
The BOJ is likely to continue to face speculation that it will have to adjust policy in coming months. The number of economists who said the bank is likely or very likely to take policy steps in response to a weak yen or inflation this year more than doubled to 45% in a Bloomberg poll this month.
(Adds yen levels and more details from release)
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BOJ Sparks Sharp Yen Slide After Sticking With Easing